Tamkeen– Tamkeen Fields for Aid; sent 86 reports during 2015 to the Anti-Human Trafficking Unit at the Public Security Department, to report the existing of suspected cases of “human trafficking” occurred on migrant workers.
According to the reports, the complaints of workers (male and female) consisted of deprivation of liberty, withholding of passports, non-payment of wages, deprivation of food, preventing workers from communicating with their families, being subjected to physical and verbal abuse, and denial of health care.
On addition to; the failure to allocate a place to sleep, long working hours, denial of vacations, requesting them to work in more than one place, as well as sexual harassment.
The total number of victims is 146 male and female workers, distributed according to nationality as follows: 29 of Kenyan nationality, 45 of Indian nationality, 16 of Philippine nationality, 13 of Indonesian nationality, 15 of Egyptian nationality, 11 of Bangladeshi nationality, 3 of Ethiopian nationality, 4 of Myanmar nationality, and 1 from Morocco.
Workers are distributed on the labour sectors as follows: 76 female workers in domestic work sector, 14 male workers in the agricultural sector, 54 male workers in the textile sector, 1 male worker in the construction sector, and 1 male worker in the hospitality sector.
86 reports were dealt with; as follows: 45 reports during which a settlement was conducted, 6 reports were adapted as human trafficking cases, 3 were adapted as violation of labour law and maleficence, 1 was adapted as passport confiscation, 1 was adapted as maleficence and causing harm, 1 was adapted as rape, 1 has been closed due to the lack of evidence of suspected human trafficking case, and 28 are still under investigation.
The United Nations Protocol; defines Human Trafficking as: “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs”.
Linda Al Kalash; the Director of Tamkeen Fields for Aid said that, the trafficking in persons process is a complex one, and most of the victims are from migrants, especially women. There must be coordination to combat this crime, between governmental and non-governmental bodies, as well as the workers’ states of origin. Jordan has developed concrete steps in the fight against this crime during the past few years, however, the relevant legislations needs to be reviewed after years of application, especially with regard to the definition of victim, affected person, and forced labour.
Mrs. Kalash indicated that the center receives many migrant workers facing human rights violations, pointing out that many migrant workers are subjected to deception before arriving to Jordan with regard to working conditions, also the contracts signed in their countries are different from the reality they find upon their arrival to Jordan, additionally the recruitment agencies in the origin countries play a significant role in deceiving and pressuring workers.
Kalash praised the role of both of Karama shelter, the specialized in lodging and protecting victims of human trafficking, as well as the positive role of the Jordanian Women Union in protecting victims of human trafficking and women migrant workers victims of other violations.
The Anti- Human Trafficking Unit which was founded in 2013, is considered as the first and only entity which deals directly with human trafficking cases, and has proved highly effective and concrete efficiency through its work during the few years it operated, which is distinguished by the presence of a qualified and active staff, however, the unit still lacks sufficient female element within their staff.