(1)Human Rights Standards Nationalization Program
The adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948 paved the way for the creation of an unprecedented number of standards to protect human dignity.
Jordan is a party to many human rights agreements, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR, 1966), which provided the foundation of the international legal framework that protects human rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR, 1966), the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD, 1965), the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, 1979), the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT, 1984), the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC, 1989), in addition to dozens of other international documents related to various rights.
The most significant are the two international covenants which provided along with the (UDHR), form the international framework of human rights.
Through our ongoing program supported by the Arab Fund for Human Rights pertaining to application of international conventions on human rights , Tamkeen seeks to broaden the application of existing international standards within the Jordanian Judicial System.
Tamkeen Centre developed and launched a study on the application of conventions on human rights in national jurisdictions, see Publication
The study focus on the extent the national judiciary actually realize application of human rights conventions, with reference to existing provisions of the Jordanian judiciary related to application of articles from the two International Covenants on Human Rights which were published in Jordan on June 15, 2006 in issue No. 4764 of official gazette, in addition to Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, which was also published on June 15, 2006 in issue No. (4764) of the Official Gazette, as well as the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child published on 16 October 2006 in issue (4787) of the Official Gazette.
Objectives of the program:
Promote respect of Human Rights
Ensure that international human rights standards are incorporated in the Jordanian judicial system.
Provide judges, lawyers and court officers with necessary knowledge and skills on how to implement human rights international conventions before Jordanian judiciary.
(2)Migrant Workers Program
The protection of migrants is an urgent and growing human rights challenge. As strangers to a society, migrants are frequently unfamiliar with the national language, laws and practice, and may lack social networks to rely on, making them less able than others to know and assert their rights and more vulnerable to human rights violations.
Jordan had ratified major human and labour rights conventions, including those of the International Labour Organization. In fact, the national law is based on these international standards, see standards
Jordan hosts high concentrations of migrant workers, according to statistics obtained from the Ministry of Labour in 2009 migrant workers constitute around 24% of the total work force in Jordan.
Tamkeen , with the support of Open Society Foundation and the Foundation for the Future, started its Migrant Workers Program in early 2009 with an aim to improve migrant workers’ working conditions and rights to decent and safe working environments.
Through this program, Tamkeen seeks to;
1. Promote and protect migrant workers’ rights in Jordan and empower migrant community leaders to participate in advocacy efforts
2. Support migrant workers’ own involvement in advocacy and outreach work
3. Integrate migrant concerns within social change agendas
4. Monitor migrant workers situation in Jordan
5. Provide legal aid, advice and representation for victims
6. Provide legal practitioners with professional development and capacity building training
7. Raise awareness among employers, recruitment agencies and general public.
Serving Migrant Workers
Tamkeen’s team receive complaints from migrant workers from different nationalities and working in different sectors, major violations of rights against migrants include but not limited to; withholding personal documents such as passports, forced labour, low wages and non-payment of wages, long working hours, physical abuse and restriction on movements, in addition to denial of access to fundamental economic and social rights such as the right to health and freedom of association.
Through Tamkeen legal aid we look to identify victims of forced labor and forced prostitution and to ensure protection services for the victims of exploitation, resolve their cases either through litigation or reconciliation efforts with parties concerned. In most cases, we seek justice for victims by resorting to litigation and filing lawsuits against offenders. In the organization’s first 10 months alone, Tamkeen received more than 200 complaints of forced labor in different sectors from Egyptian, Sri Lankan, Indian, Pakistani and Syrian workers.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) adopted numerous human rights conventions on non-discrimination, forced labour, child labour, freedom of association, and collective bargaining, and indigenous and tribal populations.
We are a group of Egyptian workers who work in constructions, every 10 of us live together in a “Caravan”, and there are only 2 bathrooms in the site for the use of 50 workers.
*Egyptian worker (Male )
I worked for two years in a house, and my employer did not pay me, and whenever I asked him for it, he answers me that he will pay me the whole amount when I finish he two years. And when the two years were over, he sent me back to the recruitment agency and didn’t pay me anything.
Female Arababa ,
* Sri Lankan domestic worker
(3)Human Trafficking Program
Jordan has a strong commitment to combat human trafficking, and had made a series of measurements in 2009 to prevent human trafficking crime, among which was passing the law no. (9), for preventing trafficking in persons, setting a National Committee for the prevention of Human Trafficking, as well as drafting a plan and guidelines for opening a shelter for trafficking victims.
Tamkeen started implementing its anti-trafficking program in 2009; an education, prevention and direct services project to address the needs of victims and to combat this crime. Human Trafficking is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon interwoven with sex trafficking, labor migration, forced marriages, bonded labor and other similar practices.
Under this program, we seek to raise awareness among labor inspectors, police, border officials, judges, prosecutors, general public, as well as foreign migrant workers in all sectors.
We develop partnerships among local human rights NGOs, law enforcement agencies and international organizations, in an aim to enhance victim’s protection and criminal prosecution efforts for punishment of traffickers and to prevent this phenomenon from spreading.
* Nora, a Srilankan domestic Worker
I was brought to work as a domestic worker, and when I arrived, the recruitment office kept me there for 6 months after withholding my passport. He used to take me to several houses to work in for free I was not there alone, there were other workers. So I ran-away from the agency with 2 other Sri Lankan workers, I tried to get my passport back, but the agency asked me to pay 1000 JDs in order to have it back.
An Indonesian worker, who was brought to the country to work for two years, was transported between 3 houses to work in the recruitment office unwillingly. She worked for 5 years, but only got paid for 2 years, she refused to work without pay , and she the recruitment office to return her back to her country , but they didn’t obey. She was hit and humiliated many times from the recruitment office, and her jewelry , which was a gift from her last employer, whom she worked for 2 years, was taken away from her ; the recruitment office did not issue her a residence permit nor a work permit. So she complained to the Public Prosecutor, and he identified the complaint a “Indecent assault, theft and abuse” so she did not get any of her rights.